Dr. Valiani is a sociologist with research interests that focus on the relationship between technology, medicine and markets which link North America, India and South Africa; sustainable urban economies; and social movements in North America and India. Employing interdisciplinary methods from science and technology studies, sociology and South Asian Studies, Dr. Valiani studies the processes by which technological innovation and ethics intersect to create markets and organizational fields. Described in more detail below, the fields of medicine, food, electronic voting technology, housing and popular politics in North American and/or in Asian contexts are sites that have been investigated so far. His current teaching focuses on organizational and economic sociology, technology and innovation--science and technology studies, South Asian history, entrepreneurship, and business history.
Dr. Valiani's current investigations concentrate on the relationship between technological innovation, ethics and culture, and markets which link the United States, India, other Asian markets and South Africa. Topics studied so far include human milk markets (i.e. breast milk donation and fortification technology), electronic voting technologies in India, birth tourism in the US, gene editing and food markets, real estate markets; and the global organization of pharmaceutical research and distribution among American, European and Asian firms. This body of research contributes to debates in organizational and economic sociology, science and technology studies, South Asian Studies, business history, entrepreneurship and international management.
Dr. Valiani's pretenure research examines how medical, religious and political conceptions of male and female physical bodies construct models of activism and social movement organization in colonial and contemporary India and cases of comparison in the United States and Europe. In addition to publishing articles, Dr. Valiani produced a monograph on this topic which is entitled Militant Publics in India: Physical Culture and Violence in the Making of a Modern Polity.
Before taking up his appointment in the Department of History at the University of Oregon, Arafaat Valiani was Assistant Professor of Sociology in the Department of Anthropology and Sociology at Williams College.
Prior to joining the faculty at the University of Oregon, Dr. Valiani worked as a consultant in the private, non-profit and government sectors in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. Organizations to whom he provided his expertise included Interactive Investor International, Columbia University, Population Concern, Statistics Canada and CN (Canadian National Railway Company).
Ph.D. Columbia University
MA London School of Economics/School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)
Distinctions, Awards and Fellowships
National Science Foundation
National Endowment for the Humanities
Kluge Fellowship, Library of Congress
American Institute of Indian Studies
Oregon Humanities Fellowship
Tom and Carol Williams Grant
Fellowship for Exceptional Research in Environmental StudiesConcordia University (Montreal, Canada) (awarded twice)
Working Paper: Ethically Unbound?: Gene Editing Technologies--CRISPR and Medicine in Global Context.
Working Paper: Fortification Technology, Disruption and the US Human Milk Ecosystem.
Working Paper: The Waiting Child? Processes of Platform Technology Adoption in the Electronic Voting Machines Ecosystem (Co-authored with Patrick Jones).
Working Paper: Speaking in Two Voices: Multiple Institutional Logics in the US Human Milk Market.
Working Paper: "Distributed Innovation: The Global Organization of Pharmaceutical R&D".
Working Paper: "Commensuration and Foreign Capital: How Management Consulting Firms Create Classifications of Global Markets in India and Other Parts of Asia" (co-authored with Tariq Rahman).