Dr. Valiani is a sociologist with research interests that focus on the creation of markets, fields and technology in North America and India; sustainable urban economies; and social movements in North America and India. Employing interdisciplinary methods from organizational studies, business history and sociology, Dr. Valiani studies the processes by which technological innovation and culture intersect to create markets. Described in more detail below, the fields of medicine, food, electronic voting technology, housing and popular politics in North American and/or in global contexts are sites that have been investigated so far. His current teaching focuses on organizational and economic sociology, technology and innovation--science and technology studies, South Asian history, entrepreneurship, and business history.
Dr. Valiani's current investigations concentrate on the relationship between technological innovation, culture, and markets in the United States, India and other Asian markets. Topics studied so far include human milk markets (i.e. breast milk donation and fortification technology), birth tourism in the US, gene editing and food markets, real estate markets; and the global organization of inter-organizational pharmaceutical research and development (R&D) among American, European and Asian firms. This body of research contributes to debates in organizational studies and economic sociology, technology and innovation, business history, entrepreneurship and international management.
Dr. Valiani's previous research analyzed problems of the coordination of action, leadership and power diffusion in organizations by examining the evolution of social movements in India and cases of comparison in the United States and Europe. In addition to articles, Dr. Valiani produced a monograph on this topic which is entitled Militant Publics in India: Physical Culture and Violence in the Making of a Modern Polity.
Before taking up his appointment in the Department of History at the University of Oregon, Arafaat Valiani was Assistant Professor of Sociology in the Department of Anthropology and Sociology at Williams College.
Prior to joining the faculty at the University of Oregon, Dr. Valiani worked as a consultant in the private, non-profit and government sectors in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. Organizations to whom he provided his expertise included Interactive Investor International, Columbia University, Population Concern, Statistics Canada and CN (Canadian National Railway Company).
Ph.D. Columbia University
MA London School of Economics/School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)
Distinctions, Awards and Fellowships
National Science Foundation
National Endowment for the Humanities
Kluge Fellowship, Library of Congress
American Institute of Indian Studies
Oregon Humanities Fellowship
Tom and Carol Williams Grant
Fellowship for Exceptional Research in Environmental StudiesConcordia University (Montreal, Canada) (awarded twice)
Working Paper: The Adoption of Gene Editing Technologies in the US Barley Ecosystem.
Working Paper: Legitimating Chinese Birth Markets in the United States Through Quasi Metrics. (Co-authored with Brandon Folse).
Working Paper: Fortification Technology, Disruption and the US Human Milk Ecosystem.
Working Paper: The Waiting Child? Processes of Platform Technology Adoption in the Electronic Voting Machines Ecosystem (Co-authored with Patrick Jones).
Working Paper: Speaking in Two Voices: Multiple Institutional Logics in the US Human Milk Market.
Working Paper: "Distributed Innovation: The Global Organization of Pharmaceutical R&D".
Working Paper: "Commensuration and Foreign Capital: How Management Consulting Firms Create Classifications of Global Markets in India and Other Parts of Asia" (co-authored with Tariq Rahman).