Arafaat A. Valiani
Arafaat Valiani is grateful to the Kalapuya people, many of whom are now citizens of the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde and the Tribes of the Siletz Indians on whose lands the University of Oregon is situated.
I am a medical sociologist and historian of science and my current intellectual interests focus on questions of decolonization regarding biomedicine/biotechnology, specifically genomics and precision medicine, among Indigenous peoples in Canada and South Asians globally. Employing methods from indigenous science and technology studies, postcolonial studies and medical sociology, I study how discourses about 'populations' mediate innovations in biotechnology which involve indigigenous and ethnic communities in Canada and among South Asians. Recent investigations I have undertaken explore genomics and precision medicine in Canada and India, responses to the introduction of biotechnology to human milk provision in the United States and Canada, and the decolonization of obstetrics services in the global context of Chinese birth tourism in the United States and Canada (among other sites of inquiry). This body of research contributes to debates in Indigenous Studies, the sociology of health and medicine, history of science, gender, South Asian Studies and this research also strives to productively impact understandings and practices of First Nations health.
Dr. Valiani's first book, entitled Militant Publics in India: Physical Culture and Violence in the Making of a Modern Polity (Palgrave 2011), combined historical and ethnographic research methods to examine the effects of ethno-religious, medical and masculine conceptions of the body on the formation of political community among indigenous (Adivasi) and non-indengous communities in modern India and its diasporas. This body of research contributes to debates in indigeneity and gender, sociology of the body, political histories of South Asia, and broader discussions about the rise of populism which we are currently witnessing in North America, Europe and South Asia.
Before taking up his appointment in the Department of History at the University of Oregon, Arafaat Valiani was Assistant Professor of Sociology in the Department of Anthropology and Sociology at Williams College.
Ph.D. Columbia University
MA London School of Economics/School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)
BFa Concordia University (Montréal, Canada)
Distinctions, Awards and Fellowships
National Science Foundation
National Endowment for the Humanities
Kluge Fellowship, Library of Congress
American Institute of Indian Studies
Oregon Humanities Fellowship
Tom and Carol Williams Grant
Fellowship for Exceptional Research in Environmental StudiesConcordia University (Montreal, Canada) (awarded twice)
Manuscripts Under Review or in Progress:
Recoding Caste: Community, Genetic Mapping and Risk in Postgenomic India and Its Diasporas
Undone Science and Technological Innovation: The Case of Electronic Voting Machines in Postcolonial India (Co-authored with Patrick Jones).
Processions as Publics: Relgious Ceremonials, the City and Modes of Public Sphere Intervention in Colonial and Postcolonial Western India.
Media and Mobilization: Political Resistance and Its Media Forms in Western India.