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Arafaat Valiani

Arafaat Valiani profile picture
  • Title: Associate Professor
  • Phone: 541-346-5763
  • Office: 369 McKenzie Hall
  • Office Hours: By appointment.


Dr. Valiani is a sociologist with research interests that focus the creation of markets, fields and technology in North America and India; sustainable urban economies; and social movements in North America and India. His current teaching focuses on organizational and economic sociology, entrepreneurship, technology and innovation, and business history.

Dr. Valiani's current investigations concentrate on the relationship between technological innovation, entrepreneurship, social movements and markets in the United States, India and other Asian markets. Topics studied so far include human milk markets (i.e. breast milk donation and fortification technology), real estate markets; and the global organization of inter-organizational pharmaceutical research and development (R&D) among American, European and Asian firms. This body of research contributes to debates in organizational studies and economic sociology, international management, entrepreneurship, and technology and innovation. 

Dr. Valiani's previous research analyzed problems of the coordination of action, leadership and power diffusion in organizations by examining the evolution of social movements in India and cases of comparison in the United States and Europe. In addition to articles, Dr. Valiani produced a monograph on this topic which is entitled Militant Publics in India: Physical Culture and Violence in the Making of a Modern Polity (Palgrave 2011).

Before taking up his appointment in the Department of History at the University of Oregon, Arafaat Valiani was Assistant Professor of Sociology in the Department of Anthropology and Sociology at Williams College.

Prior to joining the faculty at the University of Oregon, Dr. Valiani worked as a consultant in the private, non-profit and government sectors in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. Organizations to whom he provided his expertise included Interactive Investor International, Columbia University, Population Concern, Statistics Canada and CN (Canadian National Railway Company).

Video of Professor Valiani discussing his research on organizations and markets in Asia and North America. 


Ph.D. Columbia University
MA University of London (School Affiliations: School of Oriental and African Studies; London School of Economics)

Distinctions, Awards and Fellowships

National Science Foundation

Ford Foundation

Kluge Fellowship, Library of Congress

National Endowment for the Humanities

Wenner-Gren Foundation

American Institute of Indian Studies 

Junior Fellowship, Center for Historical Social Sciences, Columbia University

Oregon Humanities Fellowship

Tom and Carol Williams Grant

Faculty Research Award, University of Oregon


Fellowship for Exceptional Research in Environmental Studies, Concordia University (awarded twice)

Selected Publications

Working Paper: Adoption by Acquiescence: Fortification Technology, Disruption and the US Human Milk Ecosystem.
Working Paper: Speaking in Two Voices: Multiple Institutional Logics in the US Human Milk Market.

Working Paper: "Distributed Innovation: The Global Organization of Pharmaceutical R&D".

Working Paper: "Commensuration and Foreign Capital: How Management Consulting Firms Create Classifications of Global Markets in India and Other Parts of Asia" (co-authored with Tariq Rahman).

Militant Publics in India: Physical Culture and Violence in the Making of a Modern Polity (Palgrave Macmillan 2011).

"Recuperating Indian Masculinity: Mohandas Gandhi, War and the Indian Diaspora in South Africa (1899-1914)", 2014, South Asia History and Culture, Volume 5, Issue 4.

"Physical Training, Ethical Discipline and Creative Violence: Zones of Self-Mastery in the Hindu Nationalist Movement (Gujarat, India)", 2010, Cultural Anthropology, Volume 25, Issue 1.